Syllabus for UPSC Civil Service Exam. Detailed analysis for IAS syllabus.

Hello Guys, We have gone through the basic information we should know before start preparing for UPSC Civil Service Exam. If you didn’t go through that article then I provided the link in the above sentence in red colour. And in this article we will discuss the detail Syllabus of UPSC Civil Service Exam. And if you didn’t go through our previous articles then go through it once.-

Also Read –

1) What is UPSC Civil Service Exam? And What is IAS, IFS, IPS and IRS?

2) Why should I prepare for UPSC Civil Service Exam?

So, now in this article we will discuss Why you should know syllabus? And analyse the detail syllabus for UPSC Civil Service Exam.

Why you should know the syllabus ?

Actually, UPSC Civil Service Exam does not have specifically defined syllabus. Mostly 60-70% of UPSC syllabus is depend upon the dynamic material i.e Curent affaires happening all around the country. So you can’t totally rely on syllabus. So, You must have to read newspaper to keep updated. But while reading newspaper you must know what to read and what not to. Because newspaper contain most of the topics which is not important for the exam. So, if you know the syllabus then it will be easy for you to know what to read in newspaper. And now, Which newspaper you have to refer? then 90% of topper will recommend you about ‘The Hindu‘, or ‘The Indian Express‘ is also good for sometimes.

So, when you analyze the syllabus then you will find, ‘You have to study 2 portions at same time’. Which are 1) Static Portion, 2) Dynamic Portion.

Static portion covers the material which is available easily in the market like NCERT books, Polity by M. Laxmikant and etc.

Dynamic portion covers current affaires and the material where you have to apply your own intellectual, logical thinking. You will not get this material in any recommended books and all. You have to search it for your own from newspapers, magazines, internet and etc.

So, thing is, there is 70% of portion in this exam is dynamic. And in that case if you know the syllabus then it will play an important role in your preparation. So, it is important to know the syllabus.

And until you don’t know the infrastructure of building, you are not able to build a strong building.

So, in our case Civil Service Exam is our building and its syllabus is architecture. And static material is our base. And you can build strong building with dynamic material.

Syllabus for UPSC Civil Service Exam

So, as we discussed in our previous articles, this exam is mainly divided in 3 stages. Which are 1) Preliminary Exam, 2) Mains Exam and 3) Interview.

Preliminary Exam

So, First we will discuss about Preliminary Exam.

It has 2 papers, Paper 1 (General Studies) and Paper 2 (Civil Service Aptitude Test).

Paper 2 is just qualifying in nature i.e you have to score just 33% marks in this paper. And your cut-off will be decided by Paper 2 for the entry in mains exam. We have discussed it.

Paper 1

So, if we talk about paper 1 which is General Studies then it covers the following topics.


This is the syllabus for paper 1 which you will also find on official website. And now if we talk about what you have to refer then we will discuss it in our upcoming article. So, keep in touch.

Paper 2 

So, Paper 2 covers.

So, same here, We will discuss what to refer in the upcoming topics.

Mains Exam

So, now when we talk about mains exam then merit list of candidate is depend on this exam.

one thing you should clear here, this is not an exam, this is a test in which commission will test the ability of candidate like how deeply, how intellectually, how logically the candidate will think.

They won’t test how much information you do have, they will test your overall personality. Where they test how the candidate think.

That is, questions are likely to test the candidates basic understanding of the relevent issue.

So, Mains Exam has total 9 papers and 2 of them are qualifying in nature which are language papers. You have to score 25% marks in each paper so that your remaining 7 papers will be evaluated.

So, guys without wasting time lets see the syllabus,

Qualifying Papers on Indian Languages and English

As I said 2 papers are qualifying in nature Paper A and Paper B

Paper A

One of the Indian language to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper is of 300 marks. And candidate have to score 25% marks and the languages are –

Civil Service UPSC

This paper is qualifying in nature and paper is of matriculation level.

And for paper of the pattern you can refer previous year question papers. This is not possible to provide all language papers, So there is only a Hindi Language papers.

Paper B

Is an English language paper and is of 300 marks. This paper is also of matriculation level and 25% marks is required to get qualify. For pattern of this paper you can refer previous year question papers.

But marks you scored in these papers will not be considered for ranking.

Papers to be counted for merit

These are 7 papers, one Essay Paper, 4 General Studies Paper and one optional subject with 2 papers. And all are of 250 marks each.

Paper 1

This paper is of 250 marks.

essay UPSC

Paper 2 (General Studies 1)

This paper is also of 250 marks and cover the following topics.

Paper 1 Syllabus UPSC paper 1 syllabus

And we will see what books you have to refer in the next upcoming article.

Paper 3 (General Studies 2)

This paper is also of 250 marks and cover the following topics.


And we will see what books you have to refer in the next upcoming article.

Paper 4 (General Studies 3)

This paper is also of 250 marks and cover the following topics.

And we will see what books you have to refer in the next upcoming article.

Paper 5 (General Studies 4)

This paper is also of 250 marks and cover the following topics.

Basically, this paper checks the decision making ability of the candidates.

And we will see what books you have to refer in the next upcoming article.

Optional Subject

You have to choose one Optional Subject among given 26 subjects. Which contain Paper 1 and Paper 2 and both carries 250 marks. And the subjects are –

It is not possible to provide syllabus of all these subjects. We have provided the PDF for all this Syllabus. You can checkout there.


So, after clearing the mains exam comes the last and most important stage which is a Personality Test.

It carries 275 marks, This test is intended to judge the mental calibre of the candidates. Board of civil Service takes the interview of the candidate. They have the total career record of the candidate.

They expect from you not only your interest in special subject of academic study but also events happening within the country and outside the country and your vision for development.

In short you have to be yourself at interview.


So Guys, this is the whole Syllabus for Civil Service Preliminary and Mains Examination.

And this is a huge and lot of syllabus.

So, if anyone is telling you we don’t have to study that much for Civil Service Exam, NCERT’s are enogh then they are just trying to motivate you. Because you have to study a lot here.

So, if you don’t have passion with patients and will power with motivation then don’t go for it, because you are going to waste your time.

I am not trying to demotivate you here but this is the harsh reality of this exam.

Because every year 10-12 lacks students fill up the form and 5-6 lacks students give thw preliminary exam. Among those 10-15 thousend only get selected for mains. And among those 2-3 thousends get selected for interview and finally 1000-1200 are the lucky one who get selected for variouse services.

I mean to say your chances of success is about 0.03%. So, think before starting for preparation.

We wish for you to achieve your goal and we hope our initiative will be helpful for you.

For the official PDF of the syllabus click here.

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