What is UPSC? What is Civil Service Examination? What is IAS, IPS, IFS and IRS?

Hello Guys, Many of you may have heard a lot about UPSC or IAS exam or Civil Service Examination but do you ever wondered, What is UPSC? What is IAS? or What is Civil Service Examination? Is these are the different-different exam or same exam?

So, let me explain it to you in detail.

upsc civil service examination ias

UPSC – Union Public Service Commission

UPSC i.e. Union Public Service Commission is India’s central recruiting agency. Which is responsible for appointments to and examination for All India Services and group A and group B of central services.  This commission conducts various Exams and Civil Service Examination i.e CSE is one of those exam which are conducted by UPSC. So, UPSC is not an exam, It is the commission for the appointments for various All india services.

Civil Service Examination

So, now if we talk specifically about Civil Service Examination then it is the competitive examination in India conducted by Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various civil services of government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Services (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) among others.

Also read : Why should I prepare for UPSC exam?

Basic Structure of Civil Service Examination

It is conducted in two phases

A Preliminary Examination consisting of two objective type papers (General Studies and Civil Service Aptitude Test) and A Mains Examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type, followed by a personality test (Interview).

While The Civil Service Examination is considered to be one of the most difficult and competitive examination in India. On average 900,000 to 1,000,000 candidates apply every year and the number of candidates appearing to sit the Preliminary Examination is approximately 500,000 among which 10,000 to 15,000 candidates are selected for the mains examination i.e we can say that preliminary test of civil service examination is a screening test. They shortlist the serious candidates for the mains examination and so, from here the actual competition starts.

So, now among those 10,000 to 15,000 candidates 2,000 to 3,000 candidates are selected for interview. And after interview 1,000 to 1,200 candidates are alloted for various posts.

So, from this you can imagine what type of competition is there in this examination. And actually, this makes the exam one of the toughest exam in India.

This exam consists of the following two stages.

– Stage 1 :

Preliminary Exam – This is the qualifying test  advertised in Feb-March and held in June-July each year. In the mid of Aug results are announced.

– Stage 2 :

1. Mains Examination – Held on October every year. In the second week of march results are usually announced.

2. Personality Test (Interview) – Held in March – April each year. And final result will be announced in May.

And the training program for the selected candidates usually commences the following September.


So, Now if we talk about IAS, IPS, IFS and IRS and etc. After clearing civil service examination candidate will be alloted to these service posts

So this is the misconception that “You have to give separate exams for different-different posts.”

So, This is the little overlook for UPSC, IAS and CSE examination. We will provide you the links for the detail analysis.

We wish for you to achieve your goal and we hope our initiative will be helpful for you.

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